Civil Engineering in Brief
Civil engineering is one of the oldest engineering branches in history.Teaching civil engineering was first started in Egypt in 1816 By King Muhammed Ali and it was named MuhandesKhana School.It was a small engineering school which taught only surveying(one of civil engineering branches).Throughout the history,civil engineers have participated in the development of Islamic and Pharaonic structures which are still standing till today in Egypt.
Civil Engineering in Faculty
Civil engineering is divided into the following specialities:
Structural engineering : It specializes in design and implementing of all metalic and reinforced-concrete structures such as : residential buildings,factories,hospitals,bridges,hotels,swimming pools,tanks,administrative buildings and schools.
Geotechnical engineering : It specializes in studying chemical,physical and mechanical properties of different soils and rocks.And that enables us to study foundations design and implementation.Moreover,it specializes in design of buried structures such as tunnels.
Construction management engineering(CME) : it specializes in studying quantities,structures implementation with least cost and in fastest possible construction time and site management.
Geodesy and surveying engineering : it specializes in mapping and setting out different structures in their geographic positions.
Environmental engineering : it specializes in design and operation of sewage systems and water purification stations.
Traffic,transportation and roadway engineering : it specializes in design and implementation of roadways,traffic design,width of road design.
Irrigation and hydraulics engineering : it specializes in studying control methods of different agricultural irrigation types.Also,it studys how to transport River Nile water to the agricultural lands.Furthermore,it focuses on design and implementation of different water structures such as : dams,regulators,culverts,etc..
Harbors and sea structures engineering : it specializes in design and implementation of different harbors and sea structures.Also,it focuses on beaches protection methods.